jueves, 12 de febrero de 2015

February 12: Puyi (Xuantong) the last Chinese Emperor abdicates in 1912.



                                          Puyi in 1934

Aisin-Gioro Puyi ruled in its infancy as the Xuantong Emperor from 1908 until his abdication on February 12th, 1912. He was the last emperor of China and the last of the Qing Dynasty as well, after the successful Xinhai Revolution, 1911. However he was restored briefly in the throne between 1 and 12 July 1917 by the warrior Zhang Xun.


                           Puyi as Emperor of Manchukuo

The Chinese Revolution of 1911, better known as the Xinhai Revolution was a popular uprising against the last Manchu Qing dynasty, to which Pu-Yi belonged. He was, then, the last Chinese emperor. Chinese monarchy lasted four thousand years and ended when the doctor Sun Yat-Sen created the nationalist political party, known as the Kuomintang.


             Empress Wanrong and Emperor Puyi in Tianjin


With the Japanese conquest of Manchuria, the Japanese named Pu-Yi as Emperor of Manchuko between 1934 and 1945, during the World War II Sino-Japanese War ends. Mao Tse Tung or Mao Zedong founded the People's Republic of China in 1949 and Pu-Yi became the gardener. He earned the appreciation of some historians of the Communist Party, and was appointed as historical consultant for the Consultative Conference of the Chinese Popular Party.