martes, 14 de julio de 2015

July 14: The successful storming of the Bastille led the French people to translate the manifesto: unity and indivisibility of the Republic. Liberty, Equality, Fraternity or Death!

The Swiss-French financier and statesman Jacques Necker (1732-1804) served King Louis XVI as director general of finances.

This proclamation became a slogan of the revolution from that point.

A Jacques Necker quote

The cabinet of the court began to exile abroad, in northern Italy, in territories of the Holy Roman Empire, led by the Comte d'Artois and Minister Breteuil (only lasted two days in office) who had replaced Jacques Necker, Minister of Finance. In Paris, the power was assumed by a municipal council that appointed Jean-Sylvain Bailly as mayor of Paris and the Marquis de La Fayette as commander of the National Guard.

Storming of the Bastille, by Jean-Pierre-Louis-Laurent Houel

Paris events spread throughout the French territory, which led to acts of messy pillage, to create what became known as "the Great Fear" (Le Grande Peur) of the second half of July. Banditry lasted between July 20 and August 6 raiding warehouses, burning castles and destroying files, to free income "destroying the corresponding letters."

Today is Bastille Day, which celebrates the storming of the Paris fortress known as the Bastille on July 14, 1789.

The example of Paris was followed in almost every city in the country, where a new municipal organization also received a militia, and in the capital, the National Guard was established.

On July 14, 1789, an angry mob successfully captured a Parisian fort-turned-prison and released all of the inmates. Now known as Bastille Day!

Until then, the Revolution was essentially a bourgeois revolution, a legal revolution. Members wanted to draft a constitution in which the fundamental rights of individual freedom, equality and property would be reflected.