The designer of the monument was the architect Jean Chalgrin assigned by Napoleon Bonaparte (Napoleon I) to commemorate his victories in the battlefield, and particularly the Battle of Austerlitz in 1805, better known as the "Battle of Three Emperors". Indeed, Napoleon, literally, crushed the "Third Coalition" against France.
On December 2, 1805, the French army commanded by his emperor Napoleon crushed the joint forces of Russia and Austria, who were in control of their emperors, Tsar Alexander I of Russia, and Francis II of the Holy Roman Empire.
That battle is remembered in military history as a "tactical masterpiece." Napoleon had promised his soldiers that "You will return home under triumphal arches."
The construction of the monument was suspended for the restoration of the French throne after the defeat of Napoleon at Waterloo. Nevertheless, King Louis-Philippe d’Orleans, so-called the "citizen king" order to restart the construction and completion of the monument Arc de Triomphe.
On December 15, 1840, the constitutional monarchy of Louis Philippe ordered the transfer of the ashes of Napoleon from St. Helena Isle to Paris, and the procession passed through the Arc de Triomphe to his sarcophagus at the National Palace des Invalides.