Maximilien de Robespierre (1758-94) c.1793 (oil on canvas)
Robespierre´s brother Augustin, his best friends Saint-Just, Couthon, Harriot, and 12 other close followers were also guillotined.
|After the French King´s execution Louis XVI.|
Maximilien de Robespierre was born on May 6, 1758, in Arras, France. Robespierre became a devotee of social philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau, intrigued by the concept of a virtuous man who stands alone accompanied only by his conscience.
Robespierre gained fame for defending the neediest population of Paris, so he also gained the nickname of “The Incorruptible” due to his strong defense of moral values. He soon joined the radical side of Jacobin Party, during the French Revolution becoming one of its main leaders against the “Old Regime” and any form of monarchy.
Towards the end of 1793, Robespierre became the leader of the Committee of Public Safety, the principal organ of the Revolutionary government during the Reign of Terror.
As a matter of fact, it is estimated that Robespierre and his close followers order the execution of mort ha 60 thousand people who did not follow the French Revolution for traitors.
Cartoon showing Robespierre guillotining the executioner after having guillotined everyone else in France.