viernes, 14 de agosto de 2015

August 14: Today is the anniversary of the occupation of Beijing by the Eight-Nation Alliance to end the bloody Boxer Rebellion, August 14, 1900. Also known as the "Eight Powers Expedition" was an alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, US, France, Italy, Japan, UK, and Russia, whose military forces intervened in China to release the diplomatic delegations making the Boxer Rebellion in the late summer of 1900.





Boxer ("straight and harmonious Fist") was a peasant movement that attacked and killed foreign diplomats, missionaries and Chinese Christians across northern China, from 1899, as absentia by foreign cultural invasion in Chinese customs.



Troops of the Eight nations alliance in 1900 against China.
Left to right: Britain, United States, Australia, India (UK),
Germany, France, Austria-Hungary, Italy, and Japan.

This happened in the government of the Qing Dynasty which was Tzu-Hsi Empress ("The Empress Cixi") who supported the Boxers with the Imperial military. Foreign armed forces marched from Tianjin and were defeating the Qing imperial army in several meetings to terminate the Boxer Rebellion in 1900.

A French political cartoon depicting China as a pie about to be carved up by Queen Victoria (Britain), Kaiser Wilhelm II (Germany), Tsar Nicholas II(Russia), Marianne (France) and a samurai (Japan), while a Chinese mandarin helplessly looks on.


The Qing imperial government had to accept defeat and sign the Boxer Protocol on 7 September 1901. This Protocol was part of the unequal treaties imposed on China.


Hero Han Chinese General Nie Shicheng , who fought both the Boxers and the Allies.


It is good to remember the "Opium Wars" imposed on China by the United Kingdom of Great Britain, to demand buy the opium that the British brought its colony India, to brutalize the Chinese people.



Print(reproduction) of the original "I'll Try Sir," U.S. Army in Action historical painting, depicting the United States Army during the 14 August 1900 Allied Relief Expedition assault on the outer walls of Peking in China during the Boxer Rebellion.


The first war was in 1839-1842; and the second Opium War lasted from 1856 to 1860. How awful! British drug traffickers forced the Chinese to consume opium with the help of the British government: two wars! What a humiliation!


Russian officers in Manchuria during the Boxer Rebellion.