A Benedictine monk named Dom Pierre Perignon was the inventor of the formula or method of making champagne in the year 1693, during the seventeenth century, in the Champagne region of France.
Perignon decided to go to a convent of Benedictine monks located at the Abbey of Saint-Vannes in Verdun. Then he was transferred to Hautvilliers Abbey, near Éparny. There he was responsible for managing the wine cellar of the community. Wine production doubled during his administration with admirable prosperity.
Benedictine history accounts that on August 4, 1693, Dom Pierre was tasting wine bottles in the basement, and found a sparkling wine, which erupted for which he exclaimed: "Come quickly, I'm drinking stars!". The fermentation was due to sugar and the concentration of carbon gas; that was why the bottle exploded.
|Statue of Dom Perignon at Möet & Chandon, France|
The monk Perignon was devoted to finding ways to keep the bubbles in the bottle through a system known today as "Champenoise", hoping that the volatile gas does not escape out of the bottle and, also that it does not explode either, by avoiding pressure.
|Monk Dom Perignon sommelier inventor of Champagne|
Perignon managed to find an English glass and solved the problem of the cap, which was previously hardwood, but found that cork wood will solve the problem. This happened when he saw some pilgrims covering their water bottles with cork. Then he got the cork, put it to boil, and even introduced it in hot bottle necks and holding wire to seal it tightly.