domingo, 16 de agosto de 2015

August 16: Today is the anniversary of Maximilian Robespierre request demanding the formation of a Revolutionary Court, on behalf of the "Paris Commune", to the Legislative Assembly of France.

Maximilien François Marie Isidore de Robespierre

I will explain two important concepts: First, the "Paris Commune" was a Parisian revolutionary government, from 1789-1795, which was established in the Hôtel de Ville, in Paris, and which refused to obey orders of the central government of France.

Secondly, The Legislature worked from October 1st, 1791, until September 1972. Within the Legislative Assembly, there was discussed the legislature between the Constituent National Assembly and the National Convention as well.

The Legislative Assembly consisted of two opposing political currents: the bourgeoisie who favored a constitutional monarchy (limiting the king by a constitution, with a Congress and a Supreme Court); and, another group called democratic "Jacobins", who did not want kings but a republican democracy, like the American-style.

The Revolutionary Tribunal was established in Paris by the Convention, in order to prosecute anyone who offended the Revolution. Later, it became an exercise more than "Reign of Terror" of Robespierre, who created the "Committee of Public Safety" to clean anti-revolutionary France.

For that he used the "guillotine" in order that "heads will roll" of opponents. Robespierre was dogmatic, doctrinaire, fundamentalists at once! And those who opposed him, who were sent him to the guillotine, as happened with his best friend, Georges Danton.

Eventually, Robespierre was also guillotined who ended as a victim of his own invention! ... There rolled over 60,000 heads of progressive intellectuals in France!

On 28 July 1794, ten months later of his Regime of Terror, Robespierre was guillotined without trial in the Place de la Révolution along with his brother Augustin; and his best friends Couthon, Saint-Just, Hanriot, and twelve other followers.

A ten-month period of oppression and execution in France from late 1793 to mid-1794, organized by Maximilien Robespierre and the Committee of Public Safety