|The Second Opium War|
The Qing Dynasty of China rejected the British demands such as legalizing opium trade, unskilled labor trade, import exemptions for British trade, and the opening of all China ports to British merchant ships. The Second Opium War, also called the Arrow War, was a continuation of the First Opium War.
The British drugged Chinese people with Indian opium escalating drug abuse to the higher social classes and even the Chinese army.
The Illustrated London News print of the clipper steamship Ly-ee-moon, built for the opium trade, c. 1859
Officers of the Qing Dynasty boarded a boat called "Arrow" (Arrow) that although belonged to the Chinese, was registered in Hong Kong under British flag, and was suspected of smuggling opium into China. Recall that the First Opium War led to the Treaty of Nanjing in 1842 under which China had to open its ports to British opium trade brought from India.
Second Opium War (1856–60), undated wood engraving.
With the Opium Wars that led to the opening of China, Britain became a powerful colonial Empire, which the island of Hong Kong, to establish their bases of commercial operation, with military support. The Second Opium War was more heartbreaking than the first because the French Empire was already stuck with the British against the Qing Dynasty of China.
Palikao's bridge, on the evening of the battle, by Émily Bayard
Signing of the Treaty of Tianjin