Battle of San Pablo del Monte on May 5, 1862
The second French intervention in Mexico was instigated by Napoleon III, second Emperor of France who convinced the British and Spanish to intervene to Mexican customs and to recover the money lent to Mexico and take advantage of the United States was engaged in its internal war between the slavery southerners and northern industrialists.
French intervention in Mexico: Battle of Puebla 1862
Offer of the Mexican crown: Maximilian receiving a Mexican delegation at Miramar Castle in Trieste, Italy
Portrait of Maximilian Franz Xavier Winterhalter I by 1864
Mexican conservatives, the clergy, and the elite stimulated Napoleon III for the creation of a monarchical government. France was keen to reconcile with Austria and took the opportunity to offer the monarchy of Mexico to Maximilian of Austria, who was married to Charlotte of Belgium. Maximilian was a younger brother of the Austrian Emperor Franz Joseph I.
One of the five paintings on the Execution of Maximilian I by Eduard Manet (1868-1869)