Charles VI in the regalia of the Order of the Golden Fleece;painting attributed to Martin van Meytens
Maria Theresa Walburga Amalia Christina or simply Maria Theresa became the only female Habsburg to rule the Austrian dominions as well as the last queen of the House of Habsburg. Her father died in October 1740, right after 27 years of issuing the Pragmatic Sanction to allow Maria Theresa to become Empress of the Holy Roman Empire.
|The Empress Maria Theresa in 1759, by Martin van Meytens|
She had a collection of titles: the sovereign of Austria-Hungary, Austrian Netherlands, Bohemia, Croatia, Galicia, Lodomeria, Mantua, Milan and Parma. Additionally, by marriage she was also Duchess of Lorraine, and Gran Duchess of Tuscany.
After Charles’ death, Empress Maria Theresa had to resort to arms to defend her throne that was attacked by a coalition of Prussia, Bavaria, France, Spain, Saxony and Poland, because they did not want to honour tha Paragmatic Sanction and started the War of the Austriasn Succession. The Empress Maria Theresa saved her crown but los Silesia to Prussia and Parma to Spain.