The Islamic conquest of the Iberian Peninsula began on 29 April 711, from Morocco, led by Tariq Ibn Ziyad one of the most important commanders of the Caliph Al-Walid I, who defeated the Visigoths of Hispania, between 711 and 718.
The Peninsula was named Al-Andalus, which included part of southern France. The invasion began from Morocco to Gibraltar (hispanicized name Tariq hill, the invader). Actually, the name Gibraltar is derived from the Arabic Jabal Tariq at meaning "mountain of Tariq"
Founded the Umayyad Emirate of Córdoba in the territories of Al-Andalus who later became Caliphate of Córdoba. Tariq was called back to Damascus by Caliph and there remained until the end of his days.
Al-Andalus was the Arabic name given to those parts of the Iberian Peninsula governed by Muslims, or Moors, at various times in the period between 711 and 1492.