sábado, 2 de mayo de 2015

May 2: The queen, Anne Boleyn, was jailed on charges of adultery, incest, treason and witchcraft in 1536.



Late Elizabethan portrait of Anne Boleyn, possibly derived from a lost original of 1533–36

Anne Boleyn was the second wife of King Henry VIII of England and his queen consort. Anne had been considered "the queen consort most influential and important that England had ever had" according to biographer Eric Ives.


Henry VIII, by Hans Holbein the Younger, around 1537

Anne had also been considered within the English Protestant s a martyr because she failed to prove she was innocent of all the charges and that led to her execution. She was part of the hectic English Reformation.


Henry VIII courting Anne, by Arthur Hopkins

Catherine of Aragon, daughter of the Catholic Kings of Spain, was the first of the six wives of Henry VIII. As she did not have sons, Henry asked Pope Clement VII for marriage annulment. The Pope refused and Henry proceeded to separate from the Catholic Church and founded the Anglican Church.



An early-20th-century painting of Anne Boleyn, depicting her deer hunting with the King

Anne Boleyn was maid of honor of Catherine when Henry began his love affairs ever since with her. Anne belonged to a very cultured and aristocratic family, She was educated in France.


Anne Boleyn in the Tower by Edouard Cibot (1799–1877)


Henry believed in the divine right of kings, and from 1527 began to ask Anne to marry him. He appointed her First Marquess of Pembroke (The title did not pray "Marquise" but First Marquis, by the custom of the time).


Anne Boleyn saying her farewell to her ladies before execution, one of whom was thought to be Lady Anne Tempest, with of Sir Edward Boleyn, thus Anne's aunt.


Anne was crowned queen in 1533 and had as firstborn to-be Elizabeth I of England. However, she could not get pregnant again and so King Henry spurned.


Anne Boleyn's execution. When her head had fallen, the Queen's lips were seen to be moving in silent prayer.


Anne Boleyn was executed on May 19, 1536, 17 days after his arrest on May 2.