martes, 5 de mayo de 2015

May 5: Today is the anniversary of the death of Napoleon Bonaparte on the Island of St. Helen in middle of the South Atlantic Ocean in 1821.



Napoleon prisoner and bored at the island of Saint Helena.

Dr. Barry O'Meara, Napoleon's personal physician, warned the British authorities about the deteriorating health of the "Emperor" due to harsh treatment he was receiving on the island of St. Helena, between Brazil and Angola, south of Atlantic Ocean, almost in the middle of nowhere. The governor of the island confined him in a dark room.



Napoleon's chair can be seen in the left-hand side of the painting, "Napoleon's death on the island of St. Helen," by Carl von Steuben in 1821.


Napoleon was born on August 15, 1769 on the island of Corsica in Italian geographical area, and died on the Island of St. Helena on May 5, 1821, three months after reaching 52 years.


“Napoleon on his death bed", by Horace Vernet in 1826.


In February 1821, although Napoleon had left stroll along the banks and peer into the horizon, the health of "Emperor" continued to decline until May 3 when two doctors arrived from England and gave him palliative. But two days later, in the presence of two doctors and Father Ange Vignali, Napoleon uttered his last words: "France, armée, tête d'armée, Joséphine." ("France, army, head of the army, Josefina") and expired.

Napoleon's funeral carriage passes along the Champs Élysées in Paris

The British Governor did not allow Napoleon´s body to be buried on the banks of the Seine in Paris, but ordered burial in St. Helena with the inscription: "Napoleon Bonaparte".


Tomb of Napoleon, designed by Louis Marchand, at the Palais des Invalides in Paris.


In 1840, the king of France, Louis Philippe I, obtained permission from the British to bring the remains of Napoleon to France transported by the frigate "Belle-Poule" painted black for mourning occasion. In addition, the coffin was transferred to the steamship "Normandie" which left the port of Le Havre and up the Seine River to Paris, with State honors in December 15, 1840. The body of Napoleon Bonaparte was put at rest in the tomb designed by Louis Visconti and sarcophagus located in the National Palace of Invalides.