miércoles, 21 de enero de 2015

January 21: The French Convention decreed the guilt of Louis XVI for treason, and sent him to the executioner beheaded by the guillotine, in 1793.





The King of France, Louis XVI, escaped in disguise to seek help abroad, because he did not support the National Convention, which imposed the expropriation of the lands of the Catholic Church throughout France.


Marie Antoniette and Louis XVI


After the legal exercise to determine the flight of the king to the outside, finally, the Convention decided to blame the King Louis XVI and sentence him to the guillotine, the execution took place on January 21, 1793.


Arrest of Louis XVI and his family at Verennes in 1791

Relations between the Catholic Church and the French Revolution deteriorated in such an extent that in February 13, 1790, all religious orders were suppressed and in July 12, called to a Civil Constitution of the Clergy which removed 51 dioceses and 4,000 parishes approved . The Pope became angry.

Arrest of Louis XVI and his family at Verennes in 1791

Bishops and priests would be elected by the National Assembly, not the Catholic Church. Then they issued a decree ordering all clergy to swear in favor of the Constitution, which produced a polarization: the sworn and refractory, faithful to Pope Pius VI who condemned the Constitution. Refractory is one that is dogmatized, indoctrinated and impregnable. Louis XVI had to punish the law under pressure.




The trial of Louis XVI

The king broke down and decided to flee Paris with his family to seek the intervention of friendly powers, such as the Holy Roman Empire, based in Vienna. His wife was Austrian and whom the French Revolution nicknamed "Madame Deficit" for his lustful addition to jewelry. Indeed, recall that Marie Antoinette was of the house of Habsburg, daughter of the emperors of Austria, Franz I and Maria Theresa of Austria.



Louis XVI -Saying Good-Bye to the Children


The brothers of King Louis XVI and other migrants belonging to the nobility and the higher clergy were conspiring from abroad and particularly from the city of Koblenz (now Germany).



Louis XVI