Since 1826, Chiang Kai-Shek led the so-called Northern Expedition to unify the Chinese nation. Unlike the idealistic Sun Yat-sen, Chiang was socially conservative and therefore promoted traditional Chinese culture with rejection of Western influence.
TIME Magazine Cover: Chiang Kai-shek -- Apr. 18, 1955
Doctor Sun Yat-Sen wanted a socialist China led by an authoritarian government. That is, he, Sun Yat-sen, would rule as an autocrat.
Chiang Kai-Shek faced Mao Tse-tung (Mao Zedong) who led the Chinese Communist Party and who won the contest with the help of Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union. Therefore, Chian Kai Shek had to fly to the current Taiwan (Formosa) and established his nationalist government there until his death.
Mao became the international image of Communist China, also known as "Maoism" represents the symbolism of MOIR or Revolutionary Workers Movement International in Colombia.
Mao's legacy is the subject of great controversy. Many Chinese consider Mao as a great revolutionary, a great leader. Chinese claim his figure, but recognize that serious mistakes were committed at the end of his government. According to Deng Xiaoping, who was displaced during the Cultural Revolution accused to follow the path of capitalist restoration, "[Mao] was three-quarters right and a quarter wrong but his contribution was essential, and his mistakes were secondary."