Map of Europe, after the Congress of Vienna, 1815: The national boundaries within Europe are set by the Congress of Vienna, 1815.
With the defeat of Napoleon I and send to lifelong exile, the great powers met in Vienna, capital of the Austrian empire, by invitation of Emperor Francis I and his foreign minister, Prince Klemens von Metternich.
The main negotiating agenda of the Congress was to restore the two basic powers of the old European system: the absolute monarchy and the power of the Church. They also had to redesign the new map of Europe to divide what Napoleon had invaded.
Major Participants In The Congress of Vienna.
The Congress of Vienna is regarded as the most important meeting for peace in the history of international relations until its time. Peace of Westphalia in 1648 and the Treaty of Utrecht of 1713 were the referents of the Congress of Vienna where diplomatic negotiation and public international law that had emerged from the Peace of Westphalia and were implemented in European politics.
The philosophy of restoration defended three principles of legitimacy: 1. Return of the throne to its rightful owner who received it from God, before the French Revolution. 2. Balance: an international order led by the great powers in which no country is hegemonic. 3. Intervention: right to intervene in a State affecting international order or violating any of the above principles of order.
Outcome of the Congress of Vienna