The Spanish Reconquista has been the name given to wars and battles between the Spanish Christian Kingdoms and the Muslim Moors for control of the Iberian Peninsula. It lasted from 718 to 1492.
A map of the Reconquista.
Spaniards called “Moors” to all those Muslims who lived in the northern African countries of Morocco and Algeria. The Moors called the Iberian Peninsula "Al-Andalus".
Painting of a battle in the Reconquista.
The Moors crossed the Mediterranean Sea in 711 from North Africa and invaded the Iberian Peninsula.
Charlemagne halted the Moors advance at the Pyrenees, a natural boundary between France and Iberia. The Spanish Reconquista took over 700 years.