19th Century impression of Otto IV.
Otto IV and Pope Inocent III shake hands.
However, many of the electors of the Holy Empire, located in the south chose Enrique's brother, named Philip, Duke of Swabia, as the new king in 1198, after receiving gifts and promises to get elected. Some decided to follow the suggestions of the king of England, Richard the Lionheart, and opted for the Welf dynasty. Henry, Otto’s older brother, was participating in the horrific 4th crusade. The only option was Otto who was elected and crowned in Aachen (Aix-la-Chapelle) by the Archbishop of Cologne.
The choice of Otto caused a conflict between France and England, because Philip was allied with the French king Felip II; while Otto was supported by King Richard the Lionheart, and after his death by his brother John of England. When France defeated England, Otto lost his support and eventually resurfaced civil war. Pope forced a settlement between the parties but Otto Felipe refused and eventually was killed.