jueves, 17 de septiembre de 2015

September 17: The Camp David Accords were signed by Egypt and Israel in 1978, in the presence of the then US President Jimmy Carter.

Anwar el- Sadat, Jimmy Carter and Menachem Begin at Camp David, 1978.

After 13 days of secret negotiations at the military fortress and retreat house of the president of the United States, an agreement was reached.

A meeting at Camp David with (l-r) Aharon Barak, Menachem Begin, Anwar Sadat, and Ezer Weizman, 1978.

Anwar El Sadat, President of Egypt, and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, signed two framework agreements in the Oval Office of the White House, attended as witnessed by President Jimmy Carter. Previously, both Middle-East leaders signed the Camp David Accords, on 17 September 1978.

President Carter, National Security Advisor Zbigniew Brzezinski, and Secretary of State Cyrus Vance at Camp David.

Anwar Sadat and Menachem Begin received both the Nobel Peace Prize of 1978, Due to agreements, a year before signing the real peace treaty. The first frame (Framework for Peace in the Middle East), dealt with the Palestinian territories; but was an agreement without Palestinian participation and therefore was not accepted by the United Nations.

Begin and Brzezinski playing chess at Camp David.

The second of these frames (a frame for the conclusion of a peace treaty between Egypt and Israel) led directly to the Treaty of Peace between Egypt and Israel in 1979.

Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, left, US President Jimmy Carter, center, and Prime Minister Menachem Begin clasp hands on the North Lawn of the White House ...

Subsequent consequences were disastrous: On October 6, 1981 The President Anwar Sadat was assassinated by members of Egyptian Islamic Jihad during the annual victory parade in Cairo commemorating the Egyptian Suez Canal recovery.