Policarpa Salavarrieta: Heroine of the Colombian Independence Movement
Statue of "La Pola" in La Candelaria, Bogotá. 1910 by Dionisio Cortés Mesa. Bogotá.
"La Pola" brought information to the revolutionary movement, carrying weapons and ammunition, helping prisoners to escape, until the Almeyda brothers were captured and it seems that they betrayed Policarpa so she was captured and eventually executed by high treason.
$10,000 Colombian Pesos banknote, in circulation.
For that reason, she is considered a hero and martyr of Colombian Independence. Policarpa was arrested and locked in the “Colegio Mayor de Nuestra Señora del Rosario” in Bogota, which had been converted into a prison.
Policarpa Salavarrieta, ca. 1900. Colección Museo Nacional de Colombia.
The Congress of Colombia commemorated the 150th anniversary of the death of "La Pola" in 1967 and declared November 14 as "Day of the Colombian Woman".
Oil painting by José María Espinosa.