Viceroyalty of New Granada (in pink) and province of Venezuela (yellow) in 1742.
Better known as Great Colombia, it was created in 1821. Ten years before, in 1821, it was known as the Spanish New Granada, but the Creoles became independent of Spain with the help of Great Britain. Indeed, the British were not paying taxes (tariffs) to Spain for all their trade caused by the Industrial Revolution in England.
"Gran Colombia" included the present territories of northern Peru, Ecuador, Venezuela, West Guyana, northwestern Brazil and Panama. It should inform the territories of Costa Rica and Nicaragua, the Mosquito Coast and Guyana Esquiba is claimed, in Guayana, being domains of the Viceroyalty of New Granada.
Colombians repelled the assignment that the International Court of Justice granted sovereignty of 72,000 square kilometers of Colombian ocean to Nicaragua. When Nicaragua should be part of Colombian territory.
The dissolution of Gran Colombia was the reflection of the failure of Bolívar's vision against General Santander´s rule of the law.